Gynecomastia

Gynaecomastia is commonly referred to as ‘man boobs’ and occurs when men develop excess fat and tissue in the chest area. This can occur due to hormonal imbalances or as a result of steroid or drug use. This embarrassing problem can cause extreme distress and loss of self-image. Precision Aesthetics helps men deal with this issue through safe and effective surgery.

Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia (often referred to as “man boobs”) is a condition that causes abnormal enlargement of male breast tissue.

Signs

Symptoms vary from a small amount of extra tissue around the nipples to larger sized breasts. One or both breasts may be affected, and the breast tissue can be painful or tender. If this is the case, it should be assessed by a doctor. Gynecomastia is not linked to breast cancer, however, if breasts are sore or painful, it should be checked out by a physician.

Causes

There are a number of causes:

Hormone imbalance 

An imbalance in oestrogen and testosterone levels can be the main reason for Gynaecomastia. Oestrogen can cause breast tissue to grow, while testosterone may inhibit breast growth. All men can produce a certain quantity of oestrogen, but more testosterone may be made, which can keep breast tissue from growing. If the equilibrium of hormonal levels in the body changes, this can cause a man’s breasts to grow.

Obesity 

Being excessively overweight (obese) can increase oestrogen levels, which can cause breast tissue to grow. However, breast tissue may not alwaysbe extra body fat, so exercise and diet may not improve this condition.

Newborn baby boys 

Oestrogen can pass via the placenta from the mother to the baby. which can result in enlarged breast tissue. This can be perfectly normal, and breast tissue should  resolve with time.

Puberty 

During adolescence, male hormone levels can fluctuate. If the testosterone level drops, the relative oestrogen increase can cause breast tissue growth. Gynecomastia at puberty can usually resolve as boys age, and their hormone levels can become more stable. Many male teenagers may have some degree of breast enlargement.

Old age 

As men age, less testosterone may be produced. Older men can also tend to be fatter, and this may result in an increase in oestrogen production. These changes can lead to an excess of breast tissue growth.

Other reasons

In rare cases, gynecomastia can be due to:

  • side effects of medicine –such as anti-ulcer drugs or cardiac medication
  • a health abnormality –such as liver disease or renal failure
  • drinking too much alcohol
  • illicit drug use –such as anabolic steroids or cannabis
  • Klinefelter’s syndrome (a rare genetic disorder)
  • lumps or infection in the testicles

 

Treatment

If you’re worried about the excessive growth of breast tissue you should see your doctor. If your physician thinks that treatment is required, there may be two options for gynecomastia:

  • surgery to remove the excess fat and breast tissue
  • medication to adjust a hormone imbalance

 

Surgery

Surgical options can depend on the degree of Gynecomastia present. If there is an excessive amount of skin and fat, then surgery with relatively significant scarring may be required.

For lesser amounts of breast and fatty tissue, laser liposuction can be performed which can melt fat and effectively tightens skin, helping to limit scarring. If breast tissue is present under the nipple, then an incision can be made at the skin nipple interface to remove breast tissue, possibly leaving a hardly noticeable scar.

For an accurate assessment of what options are available for your particular Gynecomastia problem, please contact the rooms at 011 304 7888 or email us on info@p-a.co.za

*Disclaimer: Any information or advice published or made available through this website are not intended to replace the services of a qualified physician or those of a healthcare professional acting under a doctor’s supervision. In no way does it constitute a doctor-patient relationship. Each individual’s treatment and/or results may vary based upon the circumstances, the patient’s specific situation, as well as the healthcare provider’s medical judgement. Treatment will be based on further discussion of the patient’s specific situation, goals, risks and benefits and other relevant medical considerations. Testimonials made by any person(s) on this site are not intended to substitute for this personal discussion or evaluation and are not intended to act as a guarantee as to outcomes. Examples of treatment results on this website are not meant to convey any warranty, either express or implied, as to outcomes, promises or benefits of any treatment. A patient’s decision to accept any treatment should be assessed carefully by the patient, including the risks and benefits of any procedure and taking account of discussions and assessment provided during a consultation with a healthcare professional.

Photos courtesy of ASPS

Precision Aesthetics